Museum of Egyptian Civilization

Museum of Egyptian Civilization; A must-see on any trip to Cairo, the Egyptian Museum Cairo is located in the heart of the city on the outskirts of Midan Tahrir. Built in the neoclassical style by the Italians Giuseppe Garozzo and Francesco Zafrani, the building stands out for its distinctive pink hue and distinctive construction by French architect Marcel Dourgnon.

Not just because of the historical artefacts that may be found inside, but because of the building’s distinctive architecture and interior design as a whole. First opened its doors on February 2, 1902.

Museum of Egyptian Civilization
The National Museum of Egyptian Civilization (NMEC) is a large museum.

Museum of Egyptian Civilization has the following exhibits:

One of the world’s biggest collections of archaeological evidence going back to the different Pharaonic periods may be found in the hallways of the museum, containing around 120,000 items, many monuments, and the majority of mummies unearthed since the 19th century.

Between the commencement of the Old Kingdom, roughly 2700 B.C. to the Greek-Roman era, the exhibits are from.

An old-fashioned aesthetic and the museum’s large display areas make it easy for visitors to get lost. Because of this, it is important to note that the museum is divided into two levels.

You may follow Egypt‘s history on the ground floor, from the Old Kingdom through Greco-Roman times, beginning at the hallway to the right of the entry and going in a circular pattern from there.

Taking this route will provide you with a solid grounding in ancient Egyptian history.

Museum of Egyptian Civilization
The Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, known commonly as the Egyptian Museum or the Cairo Museum.

The First Floor

Rooms 32, 42, 47, and 48 – The Ancient Empire Room 26 – Montuhotep II Rooms 16 and 21 – Sphinxes Room 12 – Hathor Room 2 – The Royal Tombs of Tanis Room 3 – Amarna Room 10 – Ramses II Room 34 – Greco-Roman

The Ground Floor

Rooms 46 and 56 – Mummies of the Royals
4 – Jewels of Ancient Egypt in Tutankhamun Galleries Rooms 3, 7, 8, 9, 10, 20, 30, 35, and 45
To the Tanis royal tombs
Room 14: Greco-Roman mummy portraits Room 34: Pharaonic artefacts
This is the room with Yuya and Thuyu in it.
Pharaonic army models are on display in Room 37
Rooms 27 and 32 – Medieval Imperial Period
The content’s priceless worth to Egypt’s national museum:

On the other side, the first level is set out in a different way. The contents of Tutankhamen’s tomb take up a significant amount of the first level, and among the numerous priceless artefacts on display is his priceless funerary mask, which has been preserved to an astonishing degree. Tanis’s royal tomb’s valuables are also on the first level, in a separate chamber.

The Royal Mummy’s Chamber is another must-see component of the museum; admission to this area of the museum is different from the others because of its rarity. The mummies of some of Egypt’s most prominent pharaohs, including Ramesses II, Seti I, and Hatshepsut, may be seen at the museum, which is especially recommended.

There is so much to see and do at the museum that it may seem a little overdone. Because the original organisation goes back more than a century, it’s important to keep in mind that the vast majority of its contents haven’t been catalogued or rearranged since that time.

As a consequence, display sections in a number of languages, such as French, English, Greek, German, and Arabic, give relatively little information about the exhibits.

In general, tourists grumble about their low quality, so if you’re an Egyptologist or just inquisitive about the culture in general, we strongly suggest hiring a guide; the rates are reasonable, and you’ll learn a lot.

Museum of Egyptian Civilization
The national museum of Egyptian civilization is a newly modern museum in the middle of old Cairo.


Many of the museum’s exhibits have not been rearranged or rescheduled since they were initially put together more than a century ago. As a consequence, several parts contain very little background information about the artefacts, hence a professional guide is highly advised.

Other Museums in Cairo: 1- Museum of Coptic Art

The world’s biggest collection of Coptic art and cultural relics may be found in the Coptic Museum, which documents a pivotal time in Egypt’s and the world’s history via a variety of media. Before the introduction of Islam in the 7th century, Coptic Christianity was Egypt’s main religion.

The Coptic Church continues to protect the unique and rich heritage of Christianity in Egypt. Its history includes the ancient Egyptian gods, the pagan religions of Rome and Greece, the early stages of Christianity, and the early stages of Islam.

You’ll learn at this museum that the ankh of Egypt and the cross of Christianity are not identical by chance.

2- Islamic Art Museum

Wooden and plaster items, as well as pieces in metal, pottery and glass, crystal and cloth are all on display at the Museum, which spans a wide range of Islamic history and culture.

The museum has 4,400 antiquities and almost 100,000 relics on show at any one time. The Museum of Islamic Art in Cairo, Egypt’s capital, is one of the city’s cultural highlights and one of the world’s biggest.

If you’ve been to the Egyptian Museum, you know how popular this institution is with visitors. Egyptian capital Cairo’s Shara Bab El Khalk Square has the Museum. The location is easily accessible by automobile or tour bus.